USA & CANADA Quarterly H2 Infrastructure Update 2019-Q2

Welcome new readers of RMP’s quarterly H2 infrastructure report.  Each quarter we look back on the major stories related to hydrogen infrastructure advancements and we compare the current AFDC database to the AFDC database in the prior quarter to see what has changed.  The AFDC database is updated by the US Dept of Energy & can be found by clicking here.  Canada does not have a centralized database of alternative fuel vehicle information so we collect Canadian data by hand in RMP’s own data tables.  Ok, on with the report…

skai air taxi hydrogen
The Skai air taxi powered by a hydrogen fuel cell stack has a range of 4 hours/400 miles and can be refueled full in about ten minutes. This 5 passenger VTOL (Vertical Take Off & Landing) vehicle has been under development by Massachusetts start up Alaka’i Technologies for over fours years and debuted this quarter on May 29, 2019 in California. The website is really awesome. There are two new videos on there that you should go check out. Click image to enlarge.

The main objective of this quarterly publication is to review hydrogen infrastructure developments across the USA & Canada.  For the most part, that translates to new public hydrogen refueling stations opening and watching the construction progress of new stations.  But, the infrastructure in the hydrogen economy is much bigger than just refueling stations.  Manufacturing companies like Hydrogenics, Ballard Power, Bloom Energy, Doosan, & Plug Power are all part of the burgeoning hydrogen economy.  Major industrial gas suppliers like Air Liquide, Air Products, Linde, and Praxier all have big roles to play in the hydrogen economy.  So too do major manufacturers like Toyota, Honda, Hyundai, General Motors, and Mercedes along with many more.

While the addition & progress of public refueling stations is still the major focus of this publication, most of the action this past quarter has been the growth of the hydrogen economy at large outside of the refueling stations sector.  The biggest example just happened a week ago with Cummins purchasing Hydrogenics for $290M (or $15/share).  This purchase is a major validation of hydrogen fuel cells coming of age.  Cummins has over $21B of revenue each year & is a powerhouse in the diesel engine game.   Cummins is not just purchasing a small distributor or supplier to ease a logistics issue, this is a strategic shift in its main profit center: starting the changeover of making diesel engines to making zero emission heavy duty fuel cell systems.  Cummins knows a thing or two about powering large marine vessels, Class 8 trucks to Class 1 trucks, and even backup generators for critical infrastructure like hospitals, water treatment plants, and key government buildings.  Cummins purchase of Hydrogenics indicates an acknowledgement that heavy duty fuel cells could begin to replace every single one of those applications with zero emission clean hydrogen that is domestically produced; i.e. no more imported crude oil or the smog that goes with it.

Continue reading USA & CANADA Quarterly H2 Infrastructure Update 2019-Q2

Gelman DIoxane 1,4 Plume Map Ann Arbor Michigan

Welcome to RMP’s new Generation 2 map of the Ann Arbor Dioxane 1,4 Plume.  This is RMP’s first Gen2 map and is a leap forward in RMP’s environmental mapping software and it’s free to use for anybody with an internet connection.


RMP uses Google Maps which most people are already familiar with.  That means all the normal controls you’re already used to with Google Maps are also available on our new map.  It also means there is no software to download/install like Google Earth or ARCGIS. Because RMP uses Google Maps it also means that our maps are simple & fast.  Even though RMP’s maps are simple Google maps, they are super data rich and this post will give a quick set of “how to” instructions to show you or your students how to use this map to learn more about the contamination of Ann Arbor’s ground water with 1,4 Dioxane.  If you’re a school teacher or instructor that wants to learn more about how this map works or the data that underpins this map, you can email Matt Wandel at and I would be glad to show you more about how this map works and answer any questions you have about the depth of the data sets used to generate this map.  This post includes two methods to show you how to use our new map:  1) YouTube instructional video, and 2) written documentation that explains the basics of the map.   Let’s get started:

Video Can Show You All New Features of RMP’s Interactive A2 Dioxane Google Map Quickly

Watch the video above to get an overview of how our new map works.  If you prefer written documentation, keep reading to see a simple step-by-step tutorial with screen shots.

Map Overview

gelman dioxane plume ann arbor
click image to enlarge

Arrow #1 – This is map’s URL ( which you can/should bookmark in your web browser favorites.  This URL will never change.   When you load the map, you will be centered over Ann Arbor Michigan and you will see four distinct Dioxane 1,4 contamination plumes, the groundwater prohibition zone (dashed red line), and 464 unique points of interest (markers) that are all clickable to get more information.  Depending on when you read this post, more markers may have been added.  This map will always be evolving as new data becomes available but the mechanics of how simple the map is to use will never change.

Arrow #2 – Click on the “Slide” tab on the left hand side of your screen to slide out the control panel to get access to four different panels that each provide more information about the map.  Go ahead and click on the slide button and then we will take a look at each of the four control panels.

Control Panel – Marker Info

gelman dioxane plume ann arbor
click image to enlarge

Arrow #3 – There are four buttons that each represent a different panel of data.  When you first slide out the control panel, the “Marker Info” panel is highlighted.  Clicking on the “Marker Groupings” button, “Legend” button, or “Data Query” button will open a different panel.  Each panel will be briefly described throughout this post.  The “Marker Info” panel shows a listing of all the 464 markers on the map along with their respective name, latest parts per billion Dioxane 1,4 value from the most recent sampling data, and an “info” icon.  If you click on the “info” icon, it will open that marker’s info window on the map.

Arrow #4 – The “AMW-1” well is randomly selected here.  If you click on the “info” icon next to this well, it will open that well’s info window as seen in Arrow #5.  The map has been zoomed in a little bit so you can see this well a little closer up.  You can zoom in or out to your heart’s content like you would using any Google map.

Arrow #5 – This is the info window for the AMW-1 well which happens to be a monitoring well which is colored white with the letters “MW” on it (more on the different well types later).  In the infowindow, you can see a little more information about the well plus you can see exactly where that marker is on the map.  In the case of the AMW-1 well you can see it’s last sample date was Sept 12, 2018 & its last sample reading was 320ppb of Dioxane 1,4.   You’ll also notice there is a link in the info window for this location’s homepage.  Each well has its own home page.  If you click on the “homepage” hyperlink, it will open the location’s homepage where you can learn more information about that location.  We will take a look at an example of a well’s location homepage later.

Control Panel – Marker Groupings

click image to enlarge

Arrow #6 – Click on the “Marker Groupings” button to display the marker groupings panel.  You can see whichever button you click becomes highlighted.  In this panel, you can hide & unhide markers by type.  This powerful feature allows you to see the map from different perspectives.

Arrow #7 – By selecting or deselecting different marker groups, you can see different features.  Perhaps you only want to see Extraction Wells or only monitoring wells, just select & deselect markers by group here.  In this screenshot, Monitoring Wells & Residential wells are not visible.

Control Panel – Map Legend

click image to enlarge

Arrow #8 – If you click on the “Map Legend” button, you’ll see the listing of different plumes & the marker types.  The Map Legend shows the descriptor colors for the contamination by parts per billion.  The plumes are easiest to see if you hide all the markers from the “Marker Groupings” tab so you can see just the plumes.   The plume data points come from SRSW and the colors are 20% opacity so each “plume within a plume” looks darker.  So the darker the color, the more contaminated that area.  The outer plume is the extent of the plume and the red dashed line is the groundwater prohibition zone.   You can scroll down the panel to see all the different plumes & the description of the markers.

Data Query – The data query section is something under construction but this is going to be where you can query different views of the map.  For example “show me all the sites with Dioxane 1,4 greater than 1000ppb” or “show me all locations sampled in the last 365 days”.  The data is available for these queries but it takes time and money to set up new & exciting features.  Please consider making a tax deductible donation by clicking here so RMP can hire more labor to keep writing the code for the coolest & most informative maps related to environmental remediation & sustainable energy. Support Michigan made software 🙂

Location Homepage Screen

click image to enlarge

If you click on the “homepage” link on any location’s infowindow, you will open the location’s homepage where you can find more information about that particular location. Every single location (i.e. map marker) has its own location homepage where you can drill down to get more information about that location.  In the example pictured, you can see the extraction well TW-8.  Below are a few of the many things you can learn about this particular location:

  • Who drilled the well:   Stearns
  • How many times has the water been sampled at this location:   269 times
  • How deep is the top of the well screen:  59.5 feet
  • How deep is the bottom of the well screen:   69.5 feet
  • When was this location’s water sampled last:   November 9, 2018
  • What was the last sample’s Dioxane 1,4 content:  730ppb

You can click on any other location to find similar information.  RMP’s software will retrieve the data from the EGLE data sources provided to the public. 

Where Does The Data Come From:

RMP gets our data from the Gelman Sciences, Inc. Site of Contamination Information Page hosted by Michigan’s EGLE.  The polygon’s for the contamination plumes come from the SRSW – Scio Residents For Safe Water web page.

The bulk of the data from EGLE comes in the form of a Microsoft Access database found at the link above.  Within the database, there are two key tables that RMP uses to make this map:  the “wells” table and the “data” table.   The “wells” table lists over 700 unique locations but only the approximately 460 locations have XY coordinates that can be converted to latitudes & longitudes.  Those locations in the wells table represent the markers you see on the map.  The locations without coordinates cannot be displayed.  The “data” table has approximately 50,000 records and is always expanding as new samples are taken.   The “data” table allows RMP to relate the well name to the sampling data and display each location’s history of sampling.

The data related to the Gelman Dioxane Contamination Plume has been accumulated over decades and costs associated with collecting & compiling the data are anyone’s guess but certainly some multiple of million dollars.  The same data is available to everyone for review through the EGLE website.  What sets RMP apart from other organizations is our software.  RMP’s software connects all of EGLE’s data to a Google map and allows anyone with an internet connection to interact with the data in a way that has never been done before.   You don’t need expensive ARCGIS software.   You don’t need to install Google Earth and load KML files.   You no longer have to be relegated to the pdf & jpg images you see in newspaper articles where it’s hard to see what you’re looking for.  All you need is an internet browser & an internet connection and you can zoom in & out on all the available data points and see decades worth of sampling history in an easy to use format. And, if your budget is like ours, more great news: our maps will always be free to the public.

RMP’s Gelman Dioxane 1,4 Plume Map is a demonstration map of our software.  RMP has gigabytes of other data from Michigan’s EGLE that we would like to put into our new Generation 2 mapping software.   RMP plans to map the Wurtsmith Airforce Base #PFAS contamination, the Back Forty Goldmine on the Menominee River, the Zephyr Petroleum Storage Tank contamination in Muskegon, the Wickes TCE Contamination Plume in Antrim county, and many more.   There are many map applications out there but none are as easy & fast as RMP’s regular old Google map using Google’s powerful & fast servers. 

RMP is a Michigan based 501(c)3 organization with annual revenues on average of under $100 dollars.  Everything you see on this website is a result of volunteer effort and good software.  We need money now to make it to the next level of bringing the best software in front of more people.  RMP believes we can teach more children & more adults about environmental sciences, water protection, and sustainable energy because our software is more powerful than what any other environmental organization has.  Look at what you can do with this one demonstration map.  People with no knowledge of the extent of the Ann Arbor Gelman Dioxane Plume can learn as much as any expert in no time flat by using our software & website.  Teachers can teach students in their classrooms and show them real data that tax payers have spent millions of dollars on over the decades.  RMP’s software brings very valuable data sets to life in an organized, easy to use, and fast application that allows anyone to learn what is going on and where.   Would you please consider making a tax deductible donation to RMP by clicking here to use our secure PayPal page.  You donation will help us get good reliable information to more people across Michigan and around the world.  Thank you so much for your support.


Cleantechnica Painted Into Corner with Years of Anti-Hydrogen Bias

CleanTechnica has been biased against hydrogen so long, they’re struggling to pivot back to common sense. Zachary Shahan, CleanTechnica’s Chief Editor, has spent his career slandering hydrogen fuel cells for one reason: to support Tesla. There is only one reason CleanTechnica & its fans bash hydrogen: because Elon Musk said fuel cell cars were foolish so many years ago. Because one of CleanTechnica’s primary purposes is to promote Tesla, they are running into the problem of how practical hydrogen is for industry and transportation.

This post is inspired by a recent Steve Hanley article here published June 18, 2019. Steve is a long time contributor to CleanTechnica & has also written for Teslarati & Green Car Reports. I have followed Steve’s work for about 10 years & subscribe to his various blogs. In this post Steve makes a pivot to say to CleanTechnica’s loyal anti-hydrogen supporters that maybe hydrogen makes sense for some applications (but obviously not for cars because that might threaten beloved Tesla). Of course hydrogen makes sense for many applications, this is the conundrum that CleanTechnica faces as groups like the IEA recently made a plea to integrate hydrogen into the world’s energy mix. Please read the CleanTechnica article linked in this paragraph to see all the great quotes.

The dilemma CleanTechnica faces is similar to the dilemma many BEV only advocates face that have ignored the science & economics of the Hydrogen Economy: it just makes too much sense for everything! Hydrogen is so ubiquitous that as it proliferates it becomes cheaper & cheaper. So if CleanTechnica supports hydrogen for fertilizer, steel making, ocean freight, & air travel it means hydrogen proliferates and gets so cheap and so ubiquitous that people would ultimately think… “why not just fill up my car or truck as long as there are hydrogen dispensers everywhere”. This is a major problem to CleanTechnica because it threatens their beloved Tesla.

Here’s how the saying goes from most anti-hydrogen folks: most all hydrogen is made from natural gas and therefore it’s no good because natural gas is a fossil fuel. RMP has been writing about the 100s of shades of how misleading that statement is and we will continue to do so. Here’s what never gets said by the same folks:

  • Most BEVs are charged with electricity made from fossil fuels.
  • There are zero off-grid renewable charging points for BEVs because fast charging & renewable energy are not economically feasible
  • Hydrogen can be just as easily made from water & renewable energy than from natural gas.
  • Natural gas from sewage treatment plants, landfills, & farm wastes can be made into hydrogen too and that natural gas will always need to be managed as long as we shall live on this planet.

To understand CleanTechnica’s bias, you only need to read a few of their articles. You only need to look a the Tesla logo assigned to anonymous commenters on every comment on every post. Tesla’s CEO Elon Musk has created a false dichotomy amongst his loyal followers that says you can either choose battery or fuel cell. This is not true, both work very well together. The truth is we need both. When Elon makes dumb statements, he has to own them. This is the same with Elon calling out LiDAR as not necessary because Tesla uses camera & radar. The same false dichotomy applies in that you can use both LiDAR & cameras which is what most automotive companies will do as autonomous driving evolves.

There are several hydrogen fueling stations that are 100% renewable off-grid stations because hydrogen works very well for fast refueling using renewable energy. There are zero off-grid renewable fast chargers for BEVs because electric charging does not marry well with renewable energy in a cost effective way. To say otherwise is pure fantasy. If anyone knows of an off-grid renewable fast charger powered by wind or solar, please leave some info about it in the comment section. It has been just over two years since Elon Musk said all Super Chargers will disconnect from the grid but still there are none. Here is a website showing all of Elon Musk’s false promises:

Hydrogen is smart for the economy & the environment and time is on the side of people who support both technologies to help our planet. People who lie or don’t understand science are condemned to get taught this lesson the hard way. RMP supports BEV technology and vehicles because they’re smart to add to the mix of clean energy technologies. RMP also supports hydrogen fuel cells because they have the potential to work for everybody & are a very smart long term solution to reduce pollution & greenhouse gas emissions. The only thing that is stupid is saying we have to choose one or the other thus creating a false dichotomy. CleanTechnica must lie down in the bed they have made and it will get harder and harder for them going forward.


Welcome new readers of RMP’s quarterly H2 infrastructure report.  Each quarter we look back on the major stories related to hydrogen infrastructure advancements and we compare the current AFDC database to the AFDC database in the prior quarter to see what has changed.  The AFDC database is updated by the US Dept of Energy & can be found by clicking here.  Canada does not have a centralized database of alternative fuel vehicle information so we collect Canadian data by hand in RMP’s own data tables.  Ok, on with the report…

Sideways.  It’s the best word to describe the last quarter of hydrogen infrastructure development in the USA & Canada.  All the Linde stations in California changed names in the AFDC database.  Linde Emeryville is now Messer Emeryville.  Linde San Ramon is now Iwatani San Ramon.  Linde Mountain View is now Iwatani Mountain View.  And lastly, Linde San Juan Capistrano is now also an Iwatani station.   If anyone reading has links to stories about the change from Linde to Iwatani, please leave them in the comment section.  No stories turned up regarding the switch from Linde to Iwatani when Google searching.


California Hydrogen Draft Solicitation CONCEPTS 2019

On January 23, 2019, the California Energy Commission released a draft document on solicitation concepts for funding of the next round of hydrogen fueling stations. California will be awarding match funding to build out more HRS to hit the magic number of 100 hydrogen refueling stations at which point construction should be self sufficient. In order to be approved for match funding, applicants must meet the criteria laid forth by the California Energy Commission. The document the CEC published on January 23, 2019 is 42 pages long. In this post, will summarize the key points of the document into approximately 3 pages of highlights. follows hydrogen infrastructure closely and we hope to learn from California’s leadership. RMP hopes to work with Michigan’s government and surrounding Great Lakes states to put similar clean energy legislative initiatives into place to help protect Michigan’s fresh water for the long haul. What follows is a condensed summary of California Hydrogen Draft Solicitation Concepts .



          January 23, 2019 – Draft for solicitation concepts released

          February 12, 2019 – Discussion about the draft & comments received will be discussed at the Energy Commission Workshop

          February 22, 2019 – Final comments for draft solicitation concepts are due.


            The goal of the next solicitation is to provide grant funds to projects to expand California’s early commercial hydrogen refueling and fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) markets and to accommodate the projected FCEV roll-out in the 2021-2024 timeframe. This network of hydrogen refueling stations, hydrogen fuel supply, and FCEVs will support the carbon emissions reduction and air quality improvement goals of the State of California. Hydrogen is one of the alternative fuels that contributes to reducing the carbon intensity of transportation fuels.  When the 2018 amendments to the LCFS regulation are put into effect, the Low Carbon Fuel Standard  (LCFS) will have a goal of achieving a 20 percent carbon intensity reduction by 2030.

Suggestion to Applicants:

Potential Applicants to the next funding solicitation are strongly encouraged to discuss their proposed project(s) with the automobile original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), site owners, station owners, station operators, county and city governmental representatives involved with permitting, environmental review, and fire protection rules and regulations [e.g., the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) and National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 2], and other key project partners.

Total Available Funding:

$110 Million dollars.  The California Energy Commission reserves the right to increase or decrease this funding at its sole discretion.

Key Words:

“Tranches” will be used to describe the entire number of stations from a single applicant.

“Batches” will be used to describe a subset of stations within a “tranche” that are approved & in progress at any time.

Key Points Related To Funding:

  • Stations will be funded based on a dollars per kilogram ratio within a 24 hour period.  For example, if a station is proposed that will dispense 5,000kg of H2 per day and funding is assigned at $2,000/kg then the station will be approved for $10 million dollars.  (i.e. 5,000kg * $2,000/kg = $10,000,000.   This should encourage larger stations for key population centers.
  • Eligible costs for reimbursement are limited to allowable equipment expenditures only for light duty hydrogen refueling stations (HRS).  Other expenses (i.e. labor, fringe, travel, subcontracted labor, materials/supplies, & overhead) are not eligible for reimbursement.
  • Match funding of 50% of all eligible equipment costs will be supplied by the applicant, again no labor, fringe, travel, et Al…).  Only eligible equipment costs are reimbursable & all other costs are to be paid by the applicant.
  • There is a single applicant cap of 33.3%.  A single Applicant is eligible for no more than 33.3% of the total funds awarded under this solicitation. This is referred to as the “Single Applicant Cap.” The Single Applicant Cap shall not exceed 33.3% of all available funding at any given time.  $22.9M of the total $110M will be available in 2019, so therefore $7.53M will be the single applicant cap for the initial NOPA.  This departs from GFO-15-605 in that the single applicant cap was previously 60%.  So S.A.C. has decreased from 60% to 33.3%
  • Funding will be released in Stages as follows:
    • Stage 1 – 25% available upon completing milestones such as preliminary design & placing order for eligible equipment
    • Stage 2 – 50% available upon submitting entitlement app or initial permit app
    • Stage 3 – 75% available upon shipment of equip from manufacturer & permit to build from AHJ (Authority Holding Jurisdiction)
    • Stage 4 – 90% available upon open retail status
    • Stage 5 – 100% after being open retail for 5 years & submitting all applicable data to the NREL for their data collection tool.
  • No Operational or Maintenance funding will be provided in this grant.  Operational & Maintenance funding may be available through CARB.
  • Funding agreements shall be executed by funding recipient within 90 days following project approval at an Energy Commission Business Meeting.

Other Key Points for Potential Awardees

Starting at the bottom of Page 8 of the original document being summarized, we get into the minutiae of milestones, requirements, and evidence of support (Pages 9 through 42).  If you’re so inclined, like me, please read the document in its entirety here.  Also, check out the California Energy Commission’s webpage calendar event schedule here.   The workshop meeting will be held February 12, 2019 in Sacramento, California.

From this point, on the remaining points in pages 9 – 28 of the draft document are summarized/bulleted:

  • Five critical milestones must be met to qualify for stage funding throughout the process of building an HRS or batch of HRS’
  • Stations must be within the geography of the map labeled “Figure 1” shown below.
  • Stations must provide details according to the HySCAPE model scores (i.e. station throughput, capacity, delivery metrics, time between fills, et Al.)
  • Safety Requirements met (obviously)
  • Must dispense at least 33% renewable hydrogen.
  • Stations will be scored based on criteria shown in image labeled “Table 2” shown below.
  • Each of the methodologies on how to “score points” for your overall score out of 100 in competing against other applicants are described in detail on pages 29 through 42 of the draft document. Each scoring category is shown below in Table 2.
FIGURE 1 - Areas of eligibility for grant funding
Table 2 - Evaluation criteria for scoring points to become a grant award winner.


Welcome new readers of RMP’s quarterly H2 infrastructure report.  Each quarter we look back on the major stories related to hydrogen infrastructure advancements in the USA & Canada and chronicle them here. We also compare an AFDC database download at quarter end to the prior quarter’s database to see what has changed.  The AFDC database is updated by the U.S. Dept. of Energy & can be found by clicking here.  Canada does not have a centralized database of alternative fuel vehicle information so we collect Canadian data by hand in RMP’s own data tables. You’ll often see the acronym ‘HRS’ in this report which stands for Hydrogen Refueling Station. You can click on any picture within any RMP post and it will open a full screen photo gallery of all photos in the article.  With that out of the way, let’s get on with the report.

A big story in 2018-Q4 is what happened just this past week:  3 new public HRS opened in California.  The Citrus Heights HRS opened on 12/19/2018 under the Shell brand.  And, the Palo Alto & Los Angeles Intl Airport upgraded HRS opened on 12/21/2018 under Air Liquide’s Blue Hydrogen brand.  This is the first time that 3 stations opened in one week and it’s a precursor to a much busier year in 2019. Twenty-two new H2 refueling stations are set to open in 2019 which is more than any year before.

Palo Alto Hydrogen Refueling Station
Air Liquide’s Blue Hydrogen brand hydrogen refueling station (HRS) in Palo Alto California opened to the public on 12/21/2018. This HRS is the 38th public station to open in California. (Photo: Twitter)

The overarching top story this past quarter, however, has got to be how Air Liquide is stepping up bigger & faster than anyone else in the USA’s hydrogen economy & elsewhere around the world too. Let’s look at some examples of how Air Liquide has stepped up commitments and more importantly their investments in the North American and global Hydrogen Economy.  Both the new LAX & Palo Alto stations are operated by Continue reading USA & CANADA QUARTERLY H2 INFRASTRUCTURE UPDATE 2018-Q4

China’s Hydrogen Economy

When China decides to invest in a specific industry sector for the good of their economy, they can fundamentally change the macro economic landscape of the globe for that economic sector.  That’s exactly what China is doing by putting their economic might behind the development of the Hydrogen Economy.  We have all seen this story before with solar arrays & renewable energy in China.  The header image of a smog-filled Guangzhou skyline in this post is clear demonstration of both why China is embracing renewable energy and why they must.  China has stepped up efforts to incentivize the growth of renewable energy and now has over 600 GW of renewable generation capacity and produces over 60% of the world’s solar cells annually.  It took many years for China to affect economies of scale for solar cells, but we can now buy solar panels that have reasonable economic pay back thanks to China; it didn’t always used to be that way.  Let’s examine why China is now putting hydrogen into their strategic energy plans with policies & incentives, just like they did for solar panels many years ago.

How Did China’s Air Quality Become So Poor?

China produced 3.2 billion tons of coal in 2016, or 44% of the world’s total, according to the International Energy Agency.  China was also the top importer of coal in 2016. Coal plant capacity in China reached 942 gigawatts in 2016, up 42 GW from the previous year, according to the China Electricity Council. Burning coal releases invisible CO2 as well as nitrous oxides and particulate matter you see as smog in this post’s feature image.  Diesel & gasoline vehicle exhaust also release CO2, NOx, & SOx pollutants, which compound China’s air quality problems from burning coal.  While coal use is not going to stop any time soon, China plans to mitigate the effects of coal in a hydrogen economy by using modern coal gasification technologies with carbon capture & sequestration just like RMP has written about here.  Getting the hydrogen they need from coal without polluting their air or water, China can begin a ramp down of coal use. One day, Chinese cities can enjoy blue skies and clean rivers.  By using advanced coal to chemical technologies coupled with wind & solar generation China can have a one-two punch that tackles all their energy needs with no pollution. China can be energy independent and carbon neutral in just a few decades.  The manufacture of hydrogen is a common denominator that makes a clean, sustainable, and job filled economy possible regardless of a country’s energy feedstocks.

Continue reading China’s Hydrogen Economy

General Motors Defense LLC – Full Size Fuel Cell Pickup Truck – The ZH2

Fuel cells have helped push General Motors back into working with the US Military.  GM recently created a new division called GM Defense LLC that is supplying fuel cell technology to the US military for land & submarine vehicles.   RMP has done a quick write up with some pictures of the new full size ZH2 fuel cell pickup truck concept based on the Chevy Silverado that looks ready to be used in combat missions.

Continue reading General Motors Defense LLC – Full Size Fuel Cell Pickup Truck – The ZH2

USA & Canada Quarterly H2 Infrastructure Update 2018-Q3

This quarterly report looks back at all the H2 infrastructure activity from the previous three months in the USA & Canada. This issue of our report is focused on activity that occurred between 6/30/2018 and 9/30/2018.  RMP is tracking Hydrogen Refueling Station (HRS) development as refueling is the key growth bottleneck to wide scale FCEV adoption.  Awesome hydrogen fuel cell vehicles are already available and in production, we just need refueling stations.  A lot of hydrogen infrastructure activity has occurred in the USA & Canada in the past quarter.   The two biggest highlights in the last quarter have got to be Hawaii’s first public HRS opening in July and Canada’s first HRS opening at the tail end of June that just missed our Q2 publication cutoff when RMP was only covering USA activity.

USA Hydrogen Stations
HRS count of planned & active locations in USA from 9-23-2018 download from AFDC database. Hawaii ranks #2 in number of stations on the database.  (CLICK IMAGE TO ENLARGE)

Honolulu-based Toyota dealer and distributor SERVCO Pacific unveiled the island’s first HRS in Oahu after traditional Japanese Taiko drummers kicked off the ceremony.  SERVCO, a local 100-year-old company, hopes that the availability of hydrogen to power passenger cars will spur sales of fuel cell vehicles (FCEVs) on Oahu and eventually other Hawaiian Islands.  Hawaii already ranks 2nd in the USA for number of  planned & active stations in a state with nine.   In fact the SERVCO station has been on RMP’s Map of all HRS in the USA since we started making our map (view our map here).  Now, the SERVCO station is open to the general public.

If you’re reading this article, you might have already Continue reading USA & Canada Quarterly H2 Infrastructure Update 2018-Q3

Quarterly USA H2 Report Becomes Quarterly USA & Canada H2 Report

RMP is based near Detroit, Michigan.   The Detroit River separates the City of Detroit & the City of Windsor.  The Ambassador Bridge connects the two cities and soon the Gordy Howe International Bridge, a once in a generation undertaking, will be a second major bridge connecting the two cities.  Windsor is my personal connection to Canada and has been woven into the fabric of my life since I was a child.  I can remember seeing Ronald Reagan at Cobo Hall in the morning & crossing the bridge to Windsor and seeing Queen Elizabeth in Windsor on the very same day.   The USA & Canada border is vast and the friendship & commerce all along the USA & Canada border provides many folks from Washington to New York their own personal connections to our neighbor to the north.

Canada is also a leader in Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology.  Ballard Power is Continue reading Quarterly USA H2 Report Becomes Quarterly USA & Canada H2 Report

RMP is 501(c)3 non-profit organization registered in Michigan. We are committed to protecting fresh water resources by advocating for: sustainable energy production, hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, remediating environmental pollution & rethinking waste management.