The Enbridge Line 5 crude oil pipeline runs from Superior Wisconsin to Sarnia, Ontario. Line 5 is a 30 inch diameter crude oil pipeline that is split into two 20 inch diameter pipelines at the North Straits Pump Station near St. Ignace. The two 20 inch diameter pipelines proceed under the Straits of Mackinac about 1,000 feet apart reaching depths of 200 feet before reemerging in the lower peninsula. The pipeline was commissioned in 1953 and has been in service for over 62 years. As of December 2013, Enbridge increased the capacity of Line 5 to pump 540,000 barrels of crude oil per day. This is 50,000 barrels of oil more per day than its previous capacity of 490,000 barrels of oil per day. RMP has created an interactive “Line 5” Google Map that is embedded at the very bottom of this post if you want to skip right to the map!
Welcome to Volume 2 of the Michigan Oil & Gas Monthly. In the featured image above, a GasFrac Energy Services truck rolls westbound down I-96 in Novi Michigan on February 6, 2015. GasFrac uses a proprietary waterless fracing process to fracture rock with a mixture of liquid petroleum gases. The main ingredient in their frac fluid is gelled propane (C3H8).
We have seen a poor success rate recently in the A1 Carbonate in Michigan for operators targeting the A1. Many recent A1 attempts in Michigan have made the HVHF list calling for millions of gallons of water for completion in the application. Operators have changed their completion techniques on the fly and have moved away from such high volumes of water and hydraulic fracturing altogether; but still have had no success. One theory is that the water is damaging the formation and it therefore will not produce. Since gelled propane is a hydrocarbon (C3H8), it is soluble in the A1 formation fluids unlike water an perhaps may not Continue reading Michigan Oil & Gas Monthly – February 2015→
Welcome to the first ever edition of the Michigan Oil & Gas Monthly by RMP. We will be publishing this monthly magazine / newsletter to keep you up to date on activity in the Michigan oil patch. We will be taking a look at Michigan hydrocarbon production and fresh water management. This magazine, like everything else published at RMP, is free and will always be free. The format will be an article like this one you’re reading with an accompanying video (like the one above) that showcases the same information.
Each month in this report we will be recapping basic activity & statistics from the prior month. We have already published this post and this post to bring you up to speed on the basics of Michigan petroleum geology and Michigan hydrocarbon production. As stated in the aforementioned posts, activity in Michigan is at its lowest level in recorded history since records started being kept in 1927. So, there is not a ton of new activity to report in Michigan as most of the reservoirs we are aware of in the state are conventionally depleted and most new reservoirs found are modest producers as compared to other oil & gas plays in America. The activity that is going on in Kalkaska, however, is different than anything that’s ever been done in Michigan. So, even though permit numbers and activity Continue reading Michigan Oil & Gas Monthly – January 2015→
The recent mid-term election in America has brought the Keystone XL pipeline to the forefront of American politics again. Washington DC has enthusiasm and momentum to push through legislation that will approve the final phase of the Keystone Pipeline System: the Keystone XL. But how did America get involved between the National Energy Board’s ambition to get bitumen to China and other foreign markets? The answer is simple: Alberta is landlocked and a pipeline across America is one route to economically get the bitumen to China or other foreign markets.
China needs energy. China faces many challenges to get enough energy to keep their economy moving and producing for over 1.3 billion people. China has made some remarkable moves toward making clean energy recently when they endeavored to start building more IGCC plants for electricity production from syngas. IGCC technology with Continue reading The Keystone XL Pipeline→
Welcome to respectmyplanet.org’s first article in a long time published from the WordPress software application. We’re glad to again be putting stories together that will help people understand more about oil & gas exploration in Michigan. We have been reviewing Michigan oil & gas data for 4 years now. We would like to share what we have learned from the past up through the present. We would also like to write about what future oil & gas exploration might look like in Michigan as our public owned hydrocarbon resources become increasingly more difficult for private companies to recover for profits.
RMP is 501(c)3 non-profit organization registered in Michigan. We are committed to protecting fresh water resources by advocating for: sustainable energy production, hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, remediating environmental pollution & rethinking waste management.